eBook di filosofia: Philosophy Manual. A South-South Perspective


Philosophy Manual. A South-South Perspective (pubblicazione UNESCO)

“The modest title should not, however, conceal the true significance of this work, misleading the reader into thinking, perhaps, that it is just another philosophical manual, despite the fact that it is from the“South” and dedicated to somewhat “exotic” philosophy. If we begin this brief introduction warning against the risk of drawing this potentially hasty conclusion, it is because this manual – on account of both its systematic and methodological structure and its contents – is a work that challenges us with a call to become committed to working towards an innovative turning point, not only in the perception of the theoretical purpose and social role of philosophy, but also as regards the task of philosophy teaching in contemporary societies. […]

The “South” is admittedly a problematic expression, most often referred to with quotation marks and epistemic caution rather than without. The concept cannot be reduced to the geographical sense of the term or its geopolitical meaning. It is understood without being given a rigid definition, much like the concept of “cultural area” whose contours are blurred, but whose effects are clear. This “South” is a perspective – that of marginalized societies – and implies a specific tradition, not a tradition in the sense of a set of customs and beliefs resistant to the flux of time, but a tradition in the sense of a living transmission that takes various forms: in Africa, where the notion of text is far from consensual, there is a strong oral tradition; in Asia and the Arab region there is a tradition of highly structured fundamental texts; and in Latin America, where there is a clear ‘before and after’ the Columbian colonization, there is a strong rupture and strong discontinuity.
In this sense, the book is like a map showing ups and downs and the paths to help guide the reader through the complex terrain, languages and spirits of philosophy in Africa, the Arab region, Asia and the Pacific and Latin America and the Caribbean. And as an additional aid for a better management of experiences in this philosophical journey, the book also offers a systematic structure that enables us to study the wealth of the “South” individually in the different areas, such as cosmology, epistemology, political forms of living together, gender equality, the environment and nature, and aesthetics.” (dall’Introduzione)

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