Archivi categoria: Filosofia della scienza

eBook di filosofia: J.-H. Barthélémy, Life and Technology. An Inquiry Into and Beyond Simondon

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Jean-Hugues Barthélémy, Life and Technology. An Inquiry Into and Beyond Simondon

“The philosophy of Gilbert Simondon has reinvigorated contemporary thinking about biological and technological beings. In this book, Jean-Hugues Barthélémy takes up Simondon’s thought and shows how life and technology are connected by a transversal theme: individuation. In the first essay, Barthélémy delivers a contemporary interpretation of Simondon’s concept of ontogenesis against the backdrop of biology and cybernetics. In the second essay, he extends his reflections to propose a non-anthropological understanding of technology, and so sets up a confrontation with the work of Martin Heidegger.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia della scienza

Generus. Swiss Journal of the History of Medicine and Sciences

Generus

Generus. Swiss Journal of the History of Medicine and Sciences è la rivista online ufficiale della Swiss Society for the History of Medicine and Sciences (SSHMS).

La rivista pubblica articoli, saggi, recensioni e documenti sulla storia della medicina e delle scienze vista anche da una prospettiva teoretica e sociale. Le lingue degli articoli pubblicati sono: tedesco, francese, italiano e inglese.

Nel sito della rivista potete trovare anche un’interessante linkografia sull’argomento.

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Archiviato in Filosofia della medicina, Filosofia della scienza, Periodici

Système d’Information en Philosophie des Sciences (SIPS): una banca dati bibliografica free di filosofia della scienza

sips

Il Système d’Information en Philosophie des Sciences (SIPS) è la banca dati bibliografica free che mette a disposizione dei ricercatori, ed anche di un pubblico più ampio, l’insieme dei riferimenti bibliografici (singoli volumi, articoli di periodici, saggi raccolti in volumi collettivi, recensioni, tesi di dottorato…) nel campo della Filosofia della scienza dell’Otto-Novecento.

Ideato dal Centre de documentation et de bibliographie philosophiques (CDBP) dell’Università della Franca Contea (Besançon) – una sezione del Laboratoire de recherches philosophiques sur les sciences de l’action (EA 2274) –, il programma è stato posto in opera alla Maison des sciences de l’homme et de l’environnement (MSHE) Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (USR-CNRS 3124).

Il progetto conta anche sulla collaborazione attiva dei seguenti centri di ricerca :

  1. Philosophy Documentation Center (Charlottesville, Virginia, USA) ;
  2. Institut d’Histoire et Philosophie des Sciences et des Techniques (CNRS UMR 8590, Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, ENS-Ulm) ;
  3. Laboratoire de Philosophie et d’Histoire des Sciences – Archives Henri-Poincaré (CNRS UMR 7117, Université de Nancy 2) ;
  4. Centre d’Épistémologie et d’Ergologie Comparative (CNRS UMR 7034, Université de Provence) ;
  5. Centro de Filosofia das Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.

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Archiviato in Banche-dati, Bibliografie, Filosofia della scienza

Roars Transactions, a Journal on Research Policy and Evaluation (RT): una rivista online sulla ricerca universitaria, epistemologia e filosofia della scienza

ROARS

Roars Transactions, a Journal on Research Policy and Evaluation (RT) è la rivista online (open-access) semestrale accademica, diretta emanazione e sviluppo di “Return on Academic ReSearch (ROARS)“, il blog collettivo italiano dedicato alla ricerca universitaria e ai processi di valutazione.
La rivista si propone di proseguire questa traccia ampliando e sollecitando da una prospettiva multidisciplinare contributi scientifici sull’argomento.

“Contributions are solicited from all fields of natural, social, and human sciences in the following areas:

  • Research and teaching evaluation methodologies and practices
  • Use and extension of quantitative indicators for the study of research and higher education systems
  • Current policy issues concerning higher education institutions, including perspective evaluation of ongoing reforms and retrospective assessment of past ones
  • Case studies, including historical ones, on reforms or restructuring of specific research or higher education institutions, or systems thereof
  • Theoretical and empirical studies on ethical issues in science, including data access and retention, selective      publication of results, fraud and plagiarism, and experimentations on humans and animals
  • Case studies and comparative analysis on legal aspects, law-making and design of law regarding research evaluation and policy
  • Empirical studies, also in a historical perspective, on the influence of  science and technology on society, especially of science and technology policy and institutions.
  • Reflections from a philosophy and history of science point of view on the themes described above.”

 

 

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Archiviato in Epistemologia, Filosofia della scienza, Periodici

Circumscribere. International Journal for the History of Science

Circumscrivere

Circumscribere. International Journal for the History of Science è la rivista online peer-reviewed che si occupa di storia della Scienza, della Tecnologia e della Medicina. É pubblicata dal “Centre Simão Mathias”, PUC-SP (CESIMA), ed è semestrale.

La rivista pubblica articoli e saggi in lingua inglese, francese, portoghese o spagnola ed è indicizzata nelle principali banche dati (Isis Current Bibliography; Latindex; DOAJ; OCLC/WorldCat; CiteFactor; ProQuest; ROAD).

 

 

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Archiviato in Filosofia della scienza, Periodici

eBook di filosofia: S. Parigi, Teoria e storia del problema di Molineux

Molyneux_(1656-1698)

Silvia Parigi, Teoria e storia del problema di Molineux

“Nel 1693, William Molyneux sottopose al suo amico John Locke un “problema curioso”: se un uomo nato cieco recupera la vista e gli si chiede di riconoscere un cubo e una sfera, che egli già era perfettamente in grado di riconoscere con il tatto, sarà capace di vederli e dire quale sia la sfera e quale il cubo senza toccarli?

Questo enigma,che Locke incluse nella seconda edizione del Saggio sull’intelletto umano (1694), era destinato a divenire uno dei problemi filosofici più importanti del ‘700, specialmente a partire dal 1728, quando il chirurgo William Chesselden riuscì chirurgicamente a restituire la vista a un ragazzo di 14 anni nato cieco, e esaminò il suo comportamento dopo l’operazione.

In questo saggio mostrerò che: a) il problema di Molyneux non costituì una prova decisiva nel confronto tra empirismo e innatismo; b) il caso di Chesselden non funse da experimentum crucis; c) George Berkeley fu l’unico a dare una risposta empiristica coerente al problema di Molyneux.”

 

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia moderna

Ordered Universe Project: il sito sui testi scientifici di Grossatesta

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Ordered Universe Project è il sito dell’interessante progetto degli atenei di Durham e di Oxford con altri partner internazionali, dedicato allo studio dei testi scientifici di Roberto Grossatesta. Il gruppo del progetto ha curato nel 2013 la pubblicazione del De colore mentre sono in fase di lavorazione le edizioni del De iride, De generatione sonorum e del De liberalibus artibus.

Nel sito potete trovare oltre alle segnalazioni di eventi e al blog connesso al progetto queste risorse significative:

 

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Archiviato in Bibliografie, eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia medievale

eBook di filosofia: G. Simondon, The Essence Of Technicity

Simondon2

Gilbert Simondon, The Essence Of Technicity

“Gilbert Simondon (1924-1989) was a French philosopher best known for his work on individuation and technology. A student of philosopher of science Georges Canguilhem, Martial Guéroult, phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Jean Hyppolyte, Simondon’s theory of individuation had a major influence on the work of Gilles Deleuze as well as Bernard Stiegler, Brian Massumi, Adrian Mackenzie and many others.

He studied at the École normale supérieure in Ulm and the Sorbonne, defending his doctoral dissertations in 1958. His main thesis, L’individuation à la lumière des notions de Forme et d’Information, was published in two parts–the first in 1964 under the title L’Individu et sa génèse physico-biologique at PUF, while it is only in 1989 that Aubier published the second part, L’Individuation psychique et collective. While his main thesis, which laid the foundations of his thinking, was not widely read until it was reviewed by Gilles Deleuze in 1966, his complementary thesis, Du Mode d’existence des objets techniques was published by Aubier shortly after being completed (1958). In 2005, Jérôme Millon published a complete edition of the main thesis.” (tratto da Monoskop.org)

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza

“Émilie du Châtelet, une femme de sciences et des lettres à Créteil”: il sito della mostra dedicata a Émilie du Châtelet

mostra Châtelet

Se siete interessati a Émilie du Châtelet, colta pensatrice, traduttrice dei Principes di Newton e compagna di Voltaire, vi segnaliamo il sito dell’esposizione a lei dedicata nel 2006 per il trecentenario della nascita: Émilie du Châtelet, une femme de sciences et des lettres à Créteil.

Il sito è ricco di risorse interessanti:

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Archiviato in Biblioteche digitali, Biografie, Cataloghi, eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia moderna, Lettere, Mostre on-line, Uncategorized

eBook di filosofia: I. Lakatos, Modern Physics, Modern Society

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Imre Lakatos, Modern Physics, Modern Society

“Imre Lakatos’s philosophy of science is rooted in a number of different fields, and not all of them are purely scientific. During his years of education, he was influenced by mathematics and natural sciences as well as by philosophy, but the role of political ideologies cannot be denied. His basic philosophical ideas – such as the rationality of science, the continual growth of knowledge, the social determinism of scientific activities, and the indispensable role of historical attitude in the philosophy of science – are definitely in accordance with his early devotion to Marxism (and Lukacs’s philosophy) both in theory and in practice.

One can easily find clear evidences that Lakatos saw basic connections between the theoretical sciences he studied and the practical principles he followed in politics. This is clearly demonstrated by the early papers he published in different journals, and it must have played an important role in the doctoral dissertation he wrote in 1947. Unfortunately, no copy of this dissertation can be found now. There are several assumptions as to when and why the paper disappeared, but most probably Lakatos himself might have “stolen” it some time before leaving Hungary in 1956. Later he hinted several times that he was rather unsatisfied with it, regarded it as “immature”, and he also said that he would not have minded if nobody had ever seen it. After some failures to find it, we have good reasons to believe that the dissertation is lost for ever.

Fortunately, we are not left without traces of the contents of this work, because it seems that important parts of it were published while it was being written. Sándor Karácsony, one of the most influential of Lakatos’s teachers in the university, the opponent of the dissertation, evaluated it in July 8, 1947 with the following words:

“I got interested in the foregoing scientific activities of this young man, and not least because I read most of them at the moment they were published. Now I see all of Imre Lakatos’s work in unity, and I deem that it comes up to the standard. His dissertation is not a sudden idea, it was matured by two previous publications, both in very serious journals. The first was published in Athenaeum under the title A fizikai idealizmus bírálatai, and the second came out in a thick volume written to teachers: Továbbképzés és demokráciaii, entitled Modern fizika, modern társadalomiii.”

Here we can skip a list of Lakatos’s early publications cited by Karácsony in the evaluation. We continue the quotation, however, with mentioning another important paper, since its topic – education – was extremely important for Lakatos at this time, and formed the subject of a lot of his investigations. Karácsony writes:

“The journal Embernevelésiv also published a paper by Lakatos, which had the title: Demokratikus nevelés és természettudományos világnézetv. Its most essential statement is: democratic education teaches humbleness towards the facts, it teaches the desire to face reality instead of mere views. The original democracy of natural sciences is to be emphasised: their facts and theories can be controlled by anyone, and this control drives them forward.

The foregoing scientific works of Imre Lakatos are based on dialectic Marxism, but in its modern and not orthodox form. And it is only a base, since he himself has original and particular things to say, and more now than earlier. His originality is increasing. The philosophy behind all of his opinions is consistent and systematic.”

Now, if we compare the two papers mentioned by Sándor Karácsony as the preliminaries of the dissertation, we come to see that the essential body of the earlier one (The Criticism of the Physical Idealism) is almost literally identical to a great part of the longer paper (Modern Physics, Modern Society). The small differences are either stylistic or explanatory, since the journal Further Education and Democracy, an ideological collection of writings for supporting teachers (published by the Ministry of Religion and Education), served more popular purposes than the rather scientific Athenaeum, the journal of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Hungarian Philosophical Society. Naturally, it is very likely that this text contains most of young Lakatos’s essential thoughts and ideas concerning the position, the development and the function of science, and it is reasonable to suppose that it formed an important part of the lost dissertation entitled A természettudományos fogalomalkotás szociológiájárólvi.

The Criticism of the Physical Idealism is a critical essay discussing Susan Stebbing’s book Philosophy and the Physicists (London, Pelican, 1943). Lakatos, however, criticises not only Stebbing’s analyses of Eddington’s and Jeans’ idealism, but he also adds his own criticism of the two scientists’ world views that he considers as typical examples of the “bourgeois” science. Instead of focusing on the immanent development of science, he decides to look for explanations outside of science. He emphasises the indispensable role of sociological and economic influences on scientific concept building, and he concludes that the world view of a given scientific age or community is nothing more than a historical category. The whole argumentation appears again in Modern Physics, Modern Society, supplemented by some further ideas and more loose associations: the context becomes broader and the investigations more fundamental. Here we are given a deeper (Marxist and Lukacsian contra Hegelian) analysis of the “dialectical structure” of the modern scientific view determined by social relations and motions. And if we imagine that we go further in this direction, then we must be very close to the text of the lost dissertation.”

 

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza