Archivi tag: eBook di Filosofia

eBook di filosofia: G. R. Cervo, Mondo, libertà, finitezza: Eugen Fink e la questione meontica dell’origine

Husserl e Fink

Giulia Roberta Cervo, Mondo, libertà, finitezza: Eugen Fink e la questione meontica dell’origine

Tesi di dottorato discussa presso l’Università degli Studi di Trento (a.a. 2015-2016)

“La tesi ricostruisce l’evoluzione del pensiero di Eugen Fink, dalla meditazione fenomenologica degli anni Trenta alla filosofia cosmologica del dopoguerra, inaugurata nel 1946 dallo scritto Nietzsches Metaphysik des Spiels, mostrando come sia improprio parlare di una “svolta” cosmologica nel pensiero finkiano e scorgendo anzi nella Weltfrage, oltre che nel concetto della “meontica”, il filo conduttore che consente di cogliere la continuità della riflessione del filosofo: la questione cosmologica non entra in scena con il dopoguerra, ma è anzi ciò che motiva l’interesse di Fink per la fenomenologia di Husserl, costituendo il banco di prova di fronte al quale si deve provare la validità del metodo fenomenologico. Ulteriore scopo del lavoro è far emergere l’originalità della filosofia finkiana sia rispetto a Husserl, sia e soprattutto rispetto a Heidegger, sulla base dei manoscritti inediti conservati presso l’Universitätsarchiv della Albert-Ludwigs-Universität di Freiburg im Breisgau – di cui si propongono, tradotti, alcuni passi – nonché attraverso confronti più circoscritti con una serie di altri autori (tra i quali Marx, Adorno, Gehlen e, soprattutto, Patočka). Dopo un’introduzione volta a ricostruire lo stato attuale delle ricerche e le principali interpretazioni dell’opera finkiana, il primo capitolo illustra gli elementi di novità che la Sesta meditazione cartesiana introduce rispetto all’impostazione husserliana, individuando in tale scritto la prima effettiva presa di distanza di Fink dal maestro e scorgendo l’originalità del contributo finkiano soprattutto nel ruolo assegnato allo spettatore trascendentale, concepito come mero “esponente funzionale” della riflessione fenomenologica, operante uno sfondamento del piano ontologico della coscienza trascendentale. Dopo avere mostrato il debito di Fink nei confronti di Hegel per la concezione dialettica dell’Assoluto fenomenologico, si illustrano le differenze tra Fink e Husserl nel modo di intendere la “mondanizzazione secondaria”, nonché le ripercussioni della teoria della riduzione come de-umanizzazione (Entmenschung) sui compiti pedagogici della fenomenologia e in relazione alla possibilità di un’etica fenomenologica. Trait d’union tra primo e secondo capitolo è la critica del concetto husserliano di mondo. Il secondo capitolo muove da un confronto tra l’interpretazione heideggeriana di Hegel e quella finkiana, incentrata sul concetto cosmologico della “Vita”, per poi svolgere un confronto tra differenza ontologica e differenza cosmologica, principalmente alla luce del Colloquio sulla Dialettica e dell’Heraklit-Seminar, mostrando come la cosmologia finkiana, lungi dall’essere una mera integrazione dell’ontologia di Heidegger, implichi una diversa concezione dell’essere, realizzando una vera e propria “rivoluzione della comprensione ontologica”, che sfocia in una differente esplicazione della libertà, vista non più come corrispondenza alla chiamata dell’Essere all’interno dell’Ereignis, ma come l’auto-produzione (Selbstherstellung) dell’uomo. Il terzo capitolo mostra infine come la filosofia finkiana del dopoguerra sia di fatto l’articolazione cosmologica di quella “Lehre von der Freiheit” che costituiva il nucleo profondo della stessa fenomenologia husserliana: l’esame del gioco quale essenza positiva della libertà, il confronto con Patočka, e, non da ultimo, una lettura fenomenologica della nietzscheana “trasvalutazione dei valori”, sono i momenti teoretici che consentono di delineare i tratti di una originale e inedita “fenomenologia della libertà”, nella quale si esprime il medesimo ideale finkiano – inaugurato dalla radicalizzazione della riduzione fenomenologica come “riduzione tematica dell’idea di essere” nella Sesta meditazione cartesiana – della filosofia quale liberazione dall’ “irretimento mondano” (“Weltbefangenheit”)”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea, Tesi

eBook di filosofia: R. Sember, Rephrasing Heidegger. A Companion to “Being and Time”

Heidegger-black-notebook

Richard Sember, Rephrasing Heidegger. A Companion to “Being and Time”

“Richard Sembera introduces the reader to the essential features of Being and Time, Heidegger’s main work in clear and unambiguous English. He dispels the nimbus of unintelligibility surrounding Heidegger’s thought, a nimbus that Heidegger himself helped create and that has tended to confine serious Heidegger scholarship to closed circles. This is not a work about the Heidegger for beginners. Rephrasing Heidegger interprets the philosopher on his own terms, covering all the main aspects of Being and Time, and is particularly interesting for its detailed analysis of the structure and contents of this epoch-making philosophical work. Rephrasing Heidegger includes a unique glossary of technical terms which recur frequently throughout Being and Time whose translation is problematic or uncertain. It also includes a German-English lexicon which catalogues the translations of Heidegger\u2019s terms in the most important English translations of Being and Time. This is the first detailed commentary in English by a Heidegger specialist trained at Heidegger’s own university by the world-renowned Heidegger scholar Prof. F.-W. von Herrman, the editor of the most important volumes of Heidegger’s collected works in German.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea

eBook di filosofia: Tolerance. The Beacon of the Enlightenment (antologia di testi sulla tolleranza)

Tolerance

Caroline Warman (et ali),  Tolerance. The Beacon of the Enlightenment

Antologia di testi sulla tolleranza

“Inspired by Voltaire’s advice that a text needs to be concise to have real influence, this anthology contains fiery extracts by forty eighteenth-century authors, from the most famous philosophers of the age to those whose brilliant writings are less well-known. These passages are immensely diverse in style and topic, but all have in common a passionate commitment to equality, freedom, and tolerance. Each text resonates powerfully with the issues our world faces today. Tolerance was first published by the Société française d’étude du dix-huitième siècle (the French Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies) in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo assassinations in January 2015 as an act of solidarity and as a response to the surge of interest in Enlightenment values. With the support of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, it has now been translated by over 100 students and tutors of French at Oxford University.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia moderna, Filosofia politica

eBook di filosofia: T. Siebers, The Ethics of Criticism

Ethics of Criticism

Tobin Siebers, The Ethics of Criticism

“Tobin Siebers asserts that literary criticism is essentially a form of ethics. The Ethics of Criticism investigates the moral character of contemporary literary theory, assessing a wide range of theoretical approaches in terms of both the ethical presuppositions underlying the critical claims and the attitudes fostered by the approaches. Building on analyses of the moral legacies of Plato, Kant, Nietzsche, and Freud, Siebers identifies the various fronts on which the concerns of critical theory impinge on those of ethics.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della letteratura, Filosofia morale

eBook di filosofia: C. Descrivere il futuro. Scienza e utopia in Francia nell’età del positivismo

comte-

Claudio De Boni,  Descrivere il futuro.  Scienza e utopia in Francia nell’età del positivismo

“Il volume ricostruisce le tensioni utopiche presenti nel positivismo, proiettate in genere verso descrizioni immaginarie del futuro, partendo dal Sistema di politica positiva di Comte in cui si descrive una società ideale basata sulla collaborazione fra classi diverse. La tentazione di descrivere il futuro in termini di realizzazione della perfezione accomuna molti altri autori vicini al positivismo. Tuttavia il libro evidenzia come le operazioni ucroniche alimentino talvolta un’immagine non fiduciosa, ma anzi preoccupata per le sue conseguenze sulla qualità umane, di un mondo troppo fondato sulla tecnologia e sui valori materiali dello sviluppo economico”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia politica, Scienza

eBook di filosofia: G. Signoracci, Hegel on Indian Philosophy: Spinozism, Romanticism, Eurocentrism

Hegel_portrait_by_Schlesinger_1831

Gino Signoracci, Hegel on Indian Philosophy: Spinozism, Romanticism, Eurocentrism

Tesi di dottorato discussa presso l’Università del New Mexico

“This study examines nineteenth-century German philosopher G.W.F. Hegel’s appraisal of philosophies of India. In Hegel’s time, classical Indian texts such as the Vedas, Upaniṣads, and Bhagavadgītā had only recently been translated into European languages, and were generating tremendous controversy. Hegel carved out a unique and hugely influential position by devotedly reading fledgling translations of source texts alongside European interpretations, attempting to comprehend the philosophical significance of Indian thought. Hegel’s legacy proved deeply problematic, however, both because his views were not entirely consistent or unambiguous over time, and because his evident relegation of Indian ideas to pre- or unphilosophical status became the dominant practice among Europeans and Westerners through the twentieth century even while Hegel’s star, relatively speaking, went into a period of decline. While Hegel spent much more time and space discussing Indian philosophy in detail than did many philosophers who succeeded him in Europe and elsewhere, today his philosophy is too-frequently either reflexively labeled Eurocentric to legitimize ignoring or summarily dismissing it, or studied and written about exclusively in the context of “Western” ideas as if India were of little or no serious concern to him.

This work first situates Hegel’s interest in and attention to Indian ideas in the context of the philosophical trends of Spinozism and Romanticism that he sought to navigate from his earliest forays into theology and philosophy. It then interrogates his analyses and judgments of Indian philosophical systems over the course of his career, revealing the increasing depth and innovation in his engagement with India over time while also critiquing his readings of Indian texts and his characterizations of Indian thought and culture. In doing so, it endeavors to supply the complete account of Hegel’s approach to Indian philosophy in its full complexity.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea

EBSCO Open Dissertation: online tesi di laurea e di dottorato

EBSCO

EBSCO Open Dissertation è la nuova banca dati online che offre l’accesso ad oltre 800.000 tesi di laurea e dottorato in formato elettronico, provenienti da oltre 30 istituzioni. Per accedere al testo integrale delle tesi, dopo aver effettuato la ricerca, bisogna cliccare all’interno della scheda nell’URL riportata.

Gli autori possono chiedere l’inclusione della tesi nel portale.

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Archiviato in Banche-dati, eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia antica, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia medievale, Filosofia moderna, Tesi

eBook di filosofia: B. Blumson, Resemblance and Representation. An Essay in the Philosophy of Pictures

Depiction

Ben Blumson,  Resemblance and Representation. An Essay in the Philosophy of Pictures

“It’s a platitude – which only a philosopher would dream of denying – that whereas words are connected to what they represent merely by arbitrary conventions, pictures are connected to what they represent by resemblance. The most important difference between my portrait and my name, for example, is that whereas my portrait and I are connected by my portrait’s resemblance to me, my name and I are connected merely by an arbitrary convention. The first aim of this book is to defend this platitude from the apparently compelling objections raised against it, by analysing depiction in a way which reveals how it is mediated by resemblance.

It’s natural to contrast the platitude that depiction is mediated by resemblance, which emphasises the differences between depictive and descriptive representation, with an extremely close analogy between depiction and description, which emphasises the similarities between depictive and descriptive representation. Whereas the platitude emphasises that the connection between my portrait and me is natural in a way the connection between my name and me is not, the analogy emphasises the contingency of the connection between my portrait and me. Nevertheless, the second aim of this book is to defend an extremely close analogy between depiction and description.

The strategy of the book is to argue that the apparently compelling objections raised against the platitude that depiction is mediated by resemblance are manifestations of more general problems, which are familiar from the philosophy of language. These problems, it argues, can be resolved by answers analogous to their counterparts in the philosophy of language, without rejecting the platitude. So the combination of the platitude that depiction is mediated by resemblance with a close analogy between depiction and description turns out to be a compelling theory of depiction, which combines the virtues of common sense with the insights of its detractors.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Estetica

eBook di filosofia: J. P. Hornbeck e M. Van Dussen (a cura di), Europe After Wyclif

front_cover

J. Patrick Hornbeck II e Michael Van Dussen (a cura di), Europe After Wyclif

“This volume brings together scholarship that discusses late-medieval religious controversy on a pan-European scale, with particular attention to developments in England, Bohemia, and at the general councils of the fifteenth century. Controversies such as those that developed in England and Bohemia have received ample attention for decades, and recent scholarship has introduced valuable perspectives and findings to our knowledge of these aspects of European religion, literature, history, and thought. Yet until recently, scholars working on these controversies have tended to work in regional isolation, a practice that has given rise to the impression that the controversies were more or less insular, their significance measured in terms of their local or regional influence. Europe After Wyclif was designed specifically to encourage analysis of cultural cross-currents—the ways in which regional controversies, while still products of their own environments and of local significance, were inseparable from cultural developments that were experienced internationally. “

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia moderna

eBook di filosofia: J.-H. Barthélémy, Life and Technology. An Inquiry Into and Beyond Simondon

 Simodon3

 

Jean-Hugues Barthélémy, Life and Technology. An Inquiry Into and Beyond Simondon

“The philosophy of Gilbert Simondon has reinvigorated contemporary thinking about biological and technological beings. In this book, Jean-Hugues Barthélémy takes up Simondon’s thought and shows how life and technology are connected by a transversal theme: individuation. In the first essay, Barthélémy delivers a contemporary interpretation of Simondon’s concept of ontogenesis against the backdrop of biology and cybernetics. In the second essay, he extends his reflections to propose a non-anthropological understanding of technology, and so sets up a confrontation with the work of Martin Heidegger.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia della scienza