Archivi tag: filosofia della medicina

eBook di filosofia: I. Johansson N. Lynøe, Medicine & Philosophy. A Twenty-First Century Introduction

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Ingvar Johansson Niels Lynøe, Medicine & Philosophy. A Twenty-First Century Introduction

“This textbook introduces the reader to basic problems in the philosophy of science and ethics, mainly by means of examples from medicine. It is based on the conviction that philosophy, medical science, medical informatics, and medical ethics are overlapping disciplines. It claims that the philosophical lessons to learn from the twentieth century are not that nature is a ‘social construction’ and that ‘anything goes’ with respect to methodological and moral rules. Instead, it claims that there is scientific knowledge, but that it is never completely secure; that there are norms, but that they are situation-bound; and that, therefore, it makes good sense to search for scientific truths and try to act in a morally decent way. Using philosophical catchwords, the authors advocate ‘fallibilism’ and ‘particularism’; a combination that might be called ‘pragmatic realism’”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della medicina, Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia morale

eBook di filosofia: B. Mandeville , Un traité sur les passions hypocondriaques et hystériques

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Bernard Mandeville , Un traité sur les passions hypocondriaques et hystériques

A cura di Sylvie Kleiman-Lafon; Traduttore: Sylvie Kleiman-Lafon

“De l’œuvre très riche de Bernard Mandeville, la postérité n’a guère retenu que la très controversée Fable des abeilles, qui lui vaut encore aujourd’hui de passer pour l’apôtre du libéralisme le plus cynique. Son Traité des passions hypocondriaques et hystériques, seul ouvrage médical de ce médecin philosophe, fait partie de ses œuvres les moins connues en Grande-Bretagne comme en France.
Il mérite cependant d’être lu à plus d’un titre, car Mandeville y fait entendre un discours pragmatique étonnamment moderne sur la relation entre le malade et le patient. La parole et le récit de soi sont au centre du processus de guérison, et annoncent la cure par la parole théorisée par la psychanalyse. La forme du dialogue n’y est pas une simple stratégie didactique, elle est le véhicule de la cure et la cure elle-même.
Le Traité de Mandeville s’inscrit également dans une tradition de réflexion sur la mélancolie qui remonte à l’antiquité mais qui affirme son actualité au xviie siècle avec la parution de l’œuvre majeure de Robert Burton (The Anatomy of Melancholy) en 1621, et devient ce « mal anglais » que décrira George Cheyne un siècle plus tard (The English Malady), en 1733, soit trois ans seulement après la seconde édition révisée et augmentée du Traité de Mandeville.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della medicina, Filosofia moderna, Storia e Filosofia della Scienza

eBook di filosofia: I. Illich, Medical Nemesis. The Expropriation of Health

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Ivan Illich, Medical Nemesis. The Expropriation of Health

Medical Nemesis was first published in 1974 by Calder and Boyars. A further version, Limits to Medicine: Medical Nemesis – The Expropriation of Health, was published in January 1975 in Ideas in Progress, ‘a series of working papers dealing with alternatives to industrial society.’ A further version of Limits to Medicine (‘written as a result of the world-wide response which the author received upon publication of the original draft’) was published in 1976 by Marion Boyars, and this is the version which I will refer to throughout this paper. Medical Nemesis was a natural development of Illich’s ideas on institutions and professions. He argued that modern medicine had hubristically taken on a mission to eradicate pain, sickness, even death. These were, he argued, eternal human realities, which we must learn to cope with: in fact, coping with these verities is what it means to be ‘healthy’. Although Illich did not coin the word ‘iatrogenesis’ – meaning the harm done by doctors – he certainly popularised it. He described three types of iatrogenesis: clinical, or the direct harm done by various medical treatments; social, or the medicalisation of ordinary life; and cultural, meaning the loss of traditional ways of dealing with suffering.”

tratto da S O’Mahony,  Medical Nemesis 40 years on: the enduring legacy of Ivan Illich

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della medicina

Generus. Swiss Journal of the History of Medicine and Sciences

Generus

Generus. Swiss Journal of the History of Medicine and Sciences è la rivista online ufficiale della Swiss Society for the History of Medicine and Sciences (SSHMS).

La rivista pubblica articoli, saggi, recensioni e documenti sulla storia della medicina e delle scienze vista anche da una prospettiva teoretica e sociale. Le lingue degli articoli pubblicati sono: tedesco, francese, italiano e inglese.

Nel sito della rivista potete trovare anche un’interessante linkografia sull’argomento.

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Archiviato in Filosofia della medicina, Filosofia della scienza, Periodici

Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine Journal (PEHM)

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Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine Journal (PEHM)  è il periodico open-access che pubblica articoli di filosofia della medicina e della biologia e di etica della pratica medica. Tutti gli articoli sono free dal 2006.
Il periodico si articola in sei sezioni:
  • Research
  • Reviews
  • Commentaries
  • Case reports
  • Book reviews
  • Meeting Reports

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Archiviato in Bioetica, Filosofia della medicina, Filosofia morale, Periodici