Archivi tag: pragmatismo

Idealism & Pragmatism: Convergence or Contestation?

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Idealism & Pragmatism: Convergence or Contestation? è l’interessante progetto sviluppato da Department of Philosophy at Sheffield insieme ai dipartimenti di filosofia delle Università di  Cambridge, Columbia, Frankfurt, Pittsburgh, Sydney, Vanderbilt  e con il Collège de France che si propone di studiare le relazioni tra l’idealismo e il pragmatismo.

“Idealism and pragmatism are two of the major schools in philosophy, where both have distinguished histories as well as considerable contemporary resonance.

Idealism is the older tradition, with roots in Plato and Platonism, and has developed into a myriad of forms: for example, platonic idealism, Berkeleyian idealism, rationalist idealism, Kantian idealism, and absolute idealism. Underlying this variety is the claim that reality contains more than matter, but is also constituted by ideas or mental structures, where it is an issue for dispute within this tradition whether these ideas are outside and prior to individual minds, whether they only exist in such minds along with reality itself, or whether reality consists in some combination of mind-imposed ideas and mind-independent elements. The intellectual power of this tradition is indicated by its longevity, where amongst other things it claims to offer a unique solution to questions concerning knowledge, the law-like features of the natural world, freedom, and the place of norms and values within reality.

Pragmatism as such is a more of a new-comer, with its acknowledged origins being traceable to the work of philosophers such as C. S. Peirce and William James in the mid nineteenth century – though arguably the antecedents of this tradition go back to earlier figures such as Thomas Reid. The outlook can be summarized in the so-called pragmatic maxim of Peirce, that ‘a conception, that is, the rational purport of a word or other conception, lies exclusively in its conceivable bearing upon the conduct of life’. As such, pragmatism offers a distinctive account of meaning, knowledge and metaphysics, which is opposed to the abstractions of a philosophy that has no relation to our activities within the world.

Laid out as such, it may seem that idealism and pragmatism have little to do with one another and could indeed be seen as intellectual opponents; and some of their defenders have in fact viewed their relation in this way. So, it may appear on the one hand to pragmatists, that the idealist represents just the kind of empty and abstract metaphysical theorizing that they want to overturn, while to idealists on the other hand, the pragmatist may be viewed as offering a position that cannot resolve the problems that concern them, in refusing to engage with such problems properly by offering instead a crude appeal to ‘practical consequences’. It could be assumed, then, that these two traditions will simply confront each other as philosophical opposites.

However, on closer inspection, it is clear that historically this has been far from the case, while looking forward, there is much to be learned from exploring common ground, as well as thinking more deeply about where the divergences between them may lie”.

Vi segnaliamo nel sito del progetto la bibliografia di testi e articoli sulle interazioni tra le due correnti filosofiche e la linkografia a risorse utili in rete.

 

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Archiviato in Bibliografie, Filosofia contemporanea

The Jane Collective: Feminist Pragmatism

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The Jane Collective: Feminist Pragmatism   è il sito dei ricercatori interessati a far emergere il legame tra la “social philosophy” di Jane Addams (1860-1935) e il pragmatismo, sulla linea di quello che nella storiografia filosofica viene definito come pragmatist feminism.

“The last three decades have seen a resurgence of interest in American Pragmatist philosophy, and part of the energy of that resurgence is due to feminist interest in pragmatism. What is now called “classical” American pragmatism is a grouping of philosophies that were developed from the late nineteenth through the early twentieth century, and were largely influential in the Progressive Era (1890–1915) and up until the Second World War. Pragmatists, such as John Dewey, William James and Jane Addams, were interested in the intersection of theory and practice, bringing philosophic thinking into relationship with the social and political environment. For these thinkers, philosophizing was an active process, both as a way to change social realities and to use experience to modify the philosophies themselves. Early pragmatists were often humanists; they saw the social environment as malleable, capable of improvement through human action and philosophic thought. Because of this, many of the classical pragmatists were engaged in social action, often participating in experiments in education and working for egalitarian social reforms. Both early and contemporary pragmatists reject the idea of a certain Truth that can be discovered through logical analysis or revelation, and are more interested in knowledge gained through experiences of all sorts, while emphasizing the social context of all epistemological claims. Pluralism is a central value for pragmatists, who understand that knowledge is shaped by multiple experiential viewpoints. As such, women’s experiences are are an essential part of a truly pragmatist philosophy.

Nel sito troverere oltre alla segnalazione dei convegni e dei testi dedicati alla filosofa, anche una linkografia sulla Addams. Qui, invece trovate il link alle opere digitalizzate della Addams nell’Internet Archive.

 

 

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Archiviato in Bibliografie, Filosofia contemporanea

European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy

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L’European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy pubblica articoli sulla filosofia americana con un’attenzione particolare al pragmatismo e alle relazioni con la tradizione filosofica europea.

EJPAP promotes exploration of interdisciplinary issues and approaches and favors the mutual dialogue among different philosophical traditions. To that extent, EJPAP welcomes contributions dealing with any field of philosophical inquiry: epistemology, philosophy of language, metaphysics and philosophy of science, philosophy of mind and action, ethics, aesthetics, social & political philosophy.

Il periodico è articolato in tre sezioni:

  • Symposia presenta articoli dedicati all’esplorazione di un tema specifico associato a un “call for paper” presente nella sezione Forthcoming  che dura sei mesi;
  • Essays contiene articoli e saggi selezionati dal comitato editoriale ricevuti nei sei mesi precendenti alla pubblicazione;
  • Reviews: recensioni sui testi pubblicati sugli argomenti della rivista.

 

 

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Archiviato in Filosofia contemporanea, Periodici