Archivi tag: filosofia della scienza

eBook di filosofia: I. Johansson N. Lynøe, Medicine & Philosophy. A Twenty-First Century Introduction

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Ingvar Johansson Niels Lynøe, Medicine & Philosophy. A Twenty-First Century Introduction

“This textbook introduces the reader to basic problems in the philosophy of science and ethics, mainly by means of examples from medicine. It is based on the conviction that philosophy, medical science, medical informatics, and medical ethics are overlapping disciplines. It claims that the philosophical lessons to learn from the twentieth century are not that nature is a ‘social construction’ and that ‘anything goes’ with respect to methodological and moral rules. Instead, it claims that there is scientific knowledge, but that it is never completely secure; that there are norms, but that they are situation-bound; and that, therefore, it makes good sense to search for scientific truths and try to act in a morally decent way. Using philosophical catchwords, the authors advocate ‘fallibilism’ and ‘particularism’; a combination that might be called ‘pragmatic realism’”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della medicina, Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia morale

eBook di filosofia: M. Teic, The Scientific Revolution Revisited

Scientific Revolution

Mikuláš Teic, The Scientific Revolution Revisited

“The Scientific Revolution Revisited brings Mikuláš Teich back to the great movement of thought and action that transformed European science and society in the seventeenth century. Drawing on a lifetime of scholarly experience in six penetrating chapters, Teich examines the ways of investigating and understanding nature that matured during the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, charting their progress towards science as we now know it and insisting on the essential interpenetration of such inquiry with its changing social environment. The Scientific Revolution was marked by the global expansion of trade by European powers and by interstate rivalries for a stake in the developing world market, in which advanced medieval China, remarkably, did not participate. It is in the wake of these happenings, in Teich’s original retelling, that the Thirty Years War and the Scientific Revolution emerge as products of and factors in an uneven transition in European and world history: from natural philosophy to modern science, feudalism to capitalism, the late medieval to the early modern period.

With a narrative that moves from pre-classical thought to the European institutionalisation of science – and a scope that embraces figures both lionised and neglected, such as Nicole Oresme, Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, Isaac Newton, René Descartes, Thaddeus Hagecius, Johann Joachim Becher – The Scientific Revolution Revisited illuminates the social and intellectual sea changes that shaped the modern world.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Storia e Filosofia della Scienza

Mètode Science Studies Journal: una rivista online dedicata alla scienza

Metode

Mètode Science Studies Journalpubblicata dall’Università di València, è la rivista online annuale che pubblica articoli e saggi sulla scienza (e i suoi progressi) e sulla comunicazione scientifica.

L’ambito di interesse è esteso a tutte le discipline scientifiche, compresa la storia della scienza.

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Archiviato in Filosofia della scienza, Periodici, Storia e Filosofia della Scienza

eBook di filosofia: D. Gamez, Human and Machine Consciouness

Human and Machine Counsciouness
“Consciousness is widely perceived as one of the most fundamental, interesting and difficult problems of our time. However, we still know next to nothing about the relationship between consciousness and the brain and we can only speculate about the consciousness of animals and machines.

Human and Machine Consciousness presents a new foundation for the scientific study of consciousness. It sets out a bold interpretation of consciousness that neutralizes the philosophical problems and explains how we can make scientific predictions about the consciousness of animals, brain-damaged patients and machines.

Gamez interprets the scientific study of consciousness as a search for mathematical theories that map between measurements of consciousness and measurements of the physical world. We can use artificial intelligence to discover these theories and they could make accurate predictions about the consciousness of humans, animals and artificial systems. Human and Machine Consciousness also provides original insights into unusual conscious experiences, such as hallucinations, religious experiences and out-of-body states, and demonstrates how ‘designer’ states of consciousness could be created in the future.

Gamez explains difficult concepts in a clear way that closely engages with scientific research. His punchy, concise prose is packed with vivid examples, making it suitable for the educated general reader as well as philosophers and scientists. Problems are brought to life in colourful illustrations and a helpful summary is given at the end of each chapter. The endnotes provide detailed discussions of individual points and full references to the scientific and philosophical literature.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia della scienza

eBook di filosofia: G. Ranocchia, C. Helmig, C. Horn (a cura di), Space in Hellenistic Philosophy

Space in Hellenistic Philosophy

Graziano Ranocchia, Christoph Helmig, Christoph Horn (a cura di), Space in Hellenistic Philosophy. Critical Studies in Ancient Physics

“The volume discusses the notion of space by focusing on the most representative exponents of the Hellenistic schools and explores the role played by spatial concepts in both coeval and later authors who, without specifically thematising these concepts, made use of them in a theoretically original way. Renowned scholars investigate the philosophical significance and bring to light the problematical character of the ancient conceptions of space.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia antica, Filosofia della scienza

eBook di filosofia: I.-F. Viltanioti, L’harmonie des Sirènes du pythagorisme ancien à Platon

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Irini-Fotini Viltanioti, L’harmonie des Sirènes du pythagorisme ancien à Platon

The Pythagorean theory of the “Harmony of the Spheres” has been influential in the history of philosophy and science. While much ink has been spilt over its scientific implications, its mythological formulation has not yet received serious scholarly attention. This groundbreaking book fills that gap by offering a sustained study of the theory`s mythological rendition in Plato`s Republic and in Iamblichus` On the Pythagorean Way of Life.”

 

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia antica, Filosofia della scienza

eBook di filosofia: B. Mandeville , Un traité sur les passions hypocondriaques et hystériques

Maldeville

Bernard Mandeville , Un traité sur les passions hypocondriaques et hystériques

A cura di Sylvie Kleiman-Lafon; Traduttore: Sylvie Kleiman-Lafon

“De l’œuvre très riche de Bernard Mandeville, la postérité n’a guère retenu que la très controversée Fable des abeilles, qui lui vaut encore aujourd’hui de passer pour l’apôtre du libéralisme le plus cynique. Son Traité des passions hypocondriaques et hystériques, seul ouvrage médical de ce médecin philosophe, fait partie de ses œuvres les moins connues en Grande-Bretagne comme en France.
Il mérite cependant d’être lu à plus d’un titre, car Mandeville y fait entendre un discours pragmatique étonnamment moderne sur la relation entre le malade et le patient. La parole et le récit de soi sont au centre du processus de guérison, et annoncent la cure par la parole théorisée par la psychanalyse. La forme du dialogue n’y est pas une simple stratégie didactique, elle est le véhicule de la cure et la cure elle-même.
Le Traité de Mandeville s’inscrit également dans une tradition de réflexion sur la mélancolie qui remonte à l’antiquité mais qui affirme son actualité au xviie siècle avec la parution de l’œuvre majeure de Robert Burton (The Anatomy of Melancholy) en 1621, et devient ce « mal anglais » que décrira George Cheyne un siècle plus tard (The English Malady), en 1733, soit trois ans seulement après la seconde édition révisée et augmentée du Traité de Mandeville.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della medicina, Filosofia moderna, Storia e Filosofia della Scienza

Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval: una rivista online dedicata alla filosofia e al pensiero scientifico medievale

Revista

Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval è la rivista online pubblicata dalla Sociedad de Filosofía Medieval (SOFIME) dal 1993.

La rivista pubblica articoli e saggi sul pensiero filosofico e scientifico medievale. Sono presenti anche recensioni, traduzioni e introduzioni a testi medievali e della prima età moderna.

“The main scope of Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval is the broad field of studies on medieval thought. Its most specific aim is to provide scholarship with outstanding scientific contributions specifically on the scientific and philosophical reflections developed through the Middle Ages, their sources, and their influence throughout the Renaissance and the Early-Modern Period. Any original contribution to the study on the four main medieval traditions – Latin, Arabic, Hebrew, and Greek – is welcomed, especially if focused on the transmission of knowledge among these different frameworks. While the main interest of the journal ultimately resides in the philosophical analysis of doctrinal positions held by medieval and early-modern thinkers, papers examining the historical context of those positions are welcomed as well, recognising the implicit link between historical and philosophical study of medieval thought.  The journal also welcomes original papers on the broad history of scientific reflection, from the Late Antiquity to the Early-Modern Period, especially when linked to their medieval developments or sources.”

 

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Archiviato in Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia medievale, Periodici, Recensioni

eBook di filosofia: E. Petrovich, The Fabric of Knowledge. Towards a Documental History of Late Analytic Philosophy

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Eugenio Petrovich, The Fabric of Knowledge. Towards a Documental History of Late Analytic Philosophy

Tesi di dottorato. Tutor: L. Guzzardi, M. D’Agostino. – Milano : Università degli studi di Milano. Università degli Studi di Milano, 2019 ((31. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2018.

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza, Logica, Tesi

International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: la rivista online di filosofia della scienza

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International Studies in the Philosophy of Science è la rivista accademica online che pubblica articoli e saggi nel campo della filosofia della scienza, storia e sociologia della scienza.

“Its scope includes the foundations and methodology of the natural, social, and human sciences, philosophical implications of particular scientific theories, and broader philosophical reflection on science. The editors invite contributions not only from philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science, but also from researchers in the sciences. The journal publishes articles from a wide variety of countries and philosophical traditions.”

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Archiviato in Filosofia della scienza, Periodici