Archivi tag: filosofia della scienza

International Studies in the Philosophy of Science: la rivista online di filosofia della scienza

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International Studies in the Philosophy of Science è la rivista accademica online che pubblica articoli e saggi nel campo della filosofia della scienza, storia e sociologia della scienza.

“Its scope includes the foundations and methodology of the natural, social, and human sciences, philosophical implications of particular scientific theories, and broader philosophical reflection on science. The editors invite contributions not only from philosophers, historians, and sociologists of science, but also from researchers in the sciences. The journal publishes articles from a wide variety of countries and philosophical traditions.”

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Archiviato in Filosofia della scienza, Periodici

Ernst Mach Papers: un progetto completato di trascrizione online dell’archivio di Mach

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Vi segnaliamo “Ernst Mach Papers“, un progetto dello “Smithsonian Transcription Center”, un centro appunto che affida a volontari “digitali” il compito di trascrivere documenti storici o archivi con la finalità di rendere fruibile online prezioso materiale.

La trascrizione è stata completata e potete quindi visionare l’archivio di Mach conservato presso la Dibner Library of Science and Technology insieme alla trascrizione dei documenti (quaderni, 99 lettere, diagrammi, manoscritti, ritagli di giornali e articoli di riviste).

 

 

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Archiviato in Archivi, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia della scienza, Inventari, Lettere

Theoria et Historia Scientiarum: una rivista online di storia delle scienze, di scienze cognitive e linguaggio

logo Theoria et Historia Scientiarum

Theoria et Historia Scientiarum è la rivista online accademica pubblicata dall’Università  Nicolaus Copernicus dal 1991. I primi otto numeri sono in fase di digitalizzazione.

Di recente ha spostato il suo focus di interesse dalla storia della scienze alle scienze cognitive e al linguaggio.

“Since 2012, the journal has been co-edited by the Center for Language Evolution Studies at Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, and language evolution – field of interdisciplinary research into the evolutionary origins of the human language faculty – has been a domain of particular interest.

THS is an international journal, with a great majority of authors representing research centres located in the US and Western Europe. We have had many contributions from authors affiliated with Polish institutions, as well as some from other countries, such as Japan, Romania, Russia or Thailand.”

 

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Archiviato in Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia del linguaggio, Filosofia della scienza, Periodici

eBook di filosofia: E. Nenci (a cura di), Bernardino Baldi “In mechanica Aristotelis problemata exercitationes”

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Elio Nenci (a cura di), Bernardino Baldi “In mechanica Aristotelis problemata exercitationes”

“”In mechanica Aristotelis problemata exercitationes”, scritte da Bernardino Baldi, vengono ristampate – provviste d’introduzione e commento – come quarto volume della collana “Sources” della “Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge”, la versione Italiana di “Sources 3”. Il volume è disponibile in internet senza limitazioni d’accesso anche come pubblicazione elettronica “open-access” all’indirizzo http://www.edition-open-access.de.
Il testo venne pubblicato nel 1621, quattro anni dopo la morte dell’autore. Questo libro appartiene alla lunga tradizione rinascimentale concernente lo studio dei “Problemi Meccanici” pseudo-aristotelici. A differenza della maggior parte delle altre opere scritte durante il XVI secolo, tuttavia, il testo di Baldi esprime una posizione critica nei confronti dell’approccio teorico presente nelle meccaniche pseudo-aristoteliche. Il testo delle “Exercitationes” mostra una sistematica applicazione dei principi archimedei alla spiegazione delle questioni discusse nei “Problemi Meccanici” e, dunque, illustra chiaramente la struttura a forma di patchwork della meccanica preclassica. Il testo, inoltre, presenta lunghe digressioni che ampliano considerevolmente i confini della meccanica.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia moderna

eBook di filosofia: A. S. Blum, D. Rickles (a cura di), Quantum Gravity in the First Half of the Twentieth Century

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Alexander S. Blum, Dean Rickles (a cura di), Quantum Gravity in the First Half of the Twentieth Century

“This volume collects the earliest contributions to what is now known as quantum gravity research: the attempt to bring together quantum theory and the general theory of relativity. Covering the period from 1916–1950, it shows the beginnings of an unsolved problem that still remains as such today. The original sources are interspersed with historical essays, which together provide the first scholarly historical overview of quantum gravity in the first half of the twentieth century. The combination of historical analysis and original sources make this a volume of interest to historians, philosophers, and physicists alike. Edition Open Sources (EOS) pioneers a new paradigm in publishing, devoted to open access and high-quality peer review. This collaborative scholarly endeavor publishes academic editions of primary sources in the history of science in online, digital, and print formats. EOS publications present new editions of original sources with facsimile reproductions, in part also with translations, and with an introduction to the authors and the context in which they worked. The sources are typically historical books, manuscripts, documents or other material that is otherwise difficult to access. EOS a collaboration between the University of Oklahoma Libraries, the Department for the History of Science of the University of Oklahoma and the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin.”

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza, Fisica, Scienza

eBook di filosofia: S. Di Paolo, Sulla lettura inferenzialista del primo Frege

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Silvia Di Paolo, Sulla lettura inferenzialista del primo Frege

Tesi di dottorato discussa presso l’Università “La Sapienza” di Roma nell’a.a. 2011/2012

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia della scienza, Logica

eBook di filosofia: F. Giaculli, “Ciascun grado è perfetto”. Forme di intelligenza e abiti emotivi secondo Darwin

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Fiorella Giaculli, “Ciascun grado è perfetto”. Forme di intelligenza e abiti emotivi secondo Darwin

Tesi di laurea, Corso di Laurea in Filosofia all’Università di Napoli. Relatore: Felice Ciro Papparo. Anno Accademico di laurea 2012/2013

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia contemporanea, Filosofia della scienza, Tesi, Uncategorized

Système d’Information en Philosophie des Sciences (SIPS): una banca dati bibliografica free di filosofia della scienza

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Il Système d’Information en Philosophie des Sciences (SIPS) è la banca dati bibliografica free che mette a disposizione dei ricercatori, ed anche di un pubblico più ampio, l’insieme dei riferimenti bibliografici (singoli volumi, articoli di periodici, saggi raccolti in volumi collettivi, recensioni, tesi di dottorato…) nel campo della Filosofia della scienza dell’Otto-Novecento.

Ideato dal Centre de documentation et de bibliographie philosophiques (CDBP) dell’Università della Franca Contea (Besançon) – una sezione del Laboratoire de recherches philosophiques sur les sciences de l’action (EA 2274) –, il programma è stato posto in opera alla Maison des sciences de l’homme et de l’environnement (MSHE) Claude-Nicolas Ledoux (USR-CNRS 3124).

Il progetto conta anche sulla collaborazione attiva dei seguenti centri di ricerca :

  1. Philosophy Documentation Center (Charlottesville, Virginia, USA) ;
  2. Institut d’Histoire et Philosophie des Sciences et des Techniques (CNRS UMR 8590, Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, ENS-Ulm) ;
  3. Laboratoire de Philosophie et d’Histoire des Sciences – Archives Henri-Poincaré (CNRS UMR 7117, Université de Nancy 2) ;
  4. Centre d’Épistémologie et d’Ergologie Comparative (CNRS UMR 7034, Université de Provence) ;
  5. Centro de Filosofia das Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.

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Archiviato in Banche-dati, Bibliografie, Filosofia della scienza

eBook di filosofia: S. Parigi, Teoria e storia del problema di Molineux

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Silvia Parigi, Teoria e storia del problema di Molineux

“Nel 1693, William Molyneux sottopose al suo amico John Locke un “problema curioso”: se un uomo nato cieco recupera la vista e gli si chiede di riconoscere un cubo e una sfera, che egli già era perfettamente in grado di riconoscere con il tatto, sarà capace di vederli e dire quale sia la sfera e quale il cubo senza toccarli?

Questo enigma,che Locke incluse nella seconda edizione del Saggio sull’intelletto umano (1694), era destinato a divenire uno dei problemi filosofici più importanti del ‘700, specialmente a partire dal 1728, quando il chirurgo William Chesselden riuscì chirurgicamente a restituire la vista a un ragazzo di 14 anni nato cieco, e esaminò il suo comportamento dopo l’operazione.

In questo saggio mostrerò che: a) il problema di Molyneux non costituì una prova decisiva nel confronto tra empirismo e innatismo; b) il caso di Chesselden non funse da experimentum crucis; c) George Berkeley fu l’unico a dare una risposta empiristica coerente al problema di Molyneux.”

 

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza, Filosofia moderna

eBook di filosofia: I. Lakatos, Modern Physics, Modern Society

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Imre Lakatos, Modern Physics, Modern Society

“Imre Lakatos’s philosophy of science is rooted in a number of different fields, and not all of them are purely scientific. During his years of education, he was influenced by mathematics and natural sciences as well as by philosophy, but the role of political ideologies cannot be denied. His basic philosophical ideas – such as the rationality of science, the continual growth of knowledge, the social determinism of scientific activities, and the indispensable role of historical attitude in the philosophy of science – are definitely in accordance with his early devotion to Marxism (and Lukacs’s philosophy) both in theory and in practice.

One can easily find clear evidences that Lakatos saw basic connections between the theoretical sciences he studied and the practical principles he followed in politics. This is clearly demonstrated by the early papers he published in different journals, and it must have played an important role in the doctoral dissertation he wrote in 1947. Unfortunately, no copy of this dissertation can be found now. There are several assumptions as to when and why the paper disappeared, but most probably Lakatos himself might have “stolen” it some time before leaving Hungary in 1956. Later he hinted several times that he was rather unsatisfied with it, regarded it as “immature”, and he also said that he would not have minded if nobody had ever seen it. After some failures to find it, we have good reasons to believe that the dissertation is lost for ever.

Fortunately, we are not left without traces of the contents of this work, because it seems that important parts of it were published while it was being written. Sándor Karácsony, one of the most influential of Lakatos’s teachers in the university, the opponent of the dissertation, evaluated it in July 8, 1947 with the following words:

“I got interested in the foregoing scientific activities of this young man, and not least because I read most of them at the moment they were published. Now I see all of Imre Lakatos’s work in unity, and I deem that it comes up to the standard. His dissertation is not a sudden idea, it was matured by two previous publications, both in very serious journals. The first was published in Athenaeum under the title A fizikai idealizmus bírálatai, and the second came out in a thick volume written to teachers: Továbbképzés és demokráciaii, entitled Modern fizika, modern társadalomiii.”

Here we can skip a list of Lakatos’s early publications cited by Karácsony in the evaluation. We continue the quotation, however, with mentioning another important paper, since its topic – education – was extremely important for Lakatos at this time, and formed the subject of a lot of his investigations. Karácsony writes:

“The journal Embernevelésiv also published a paper by Lakatos, which had the title: Demokratikus nevelés és természettudományos világnézetv. Its most essential statement is: democratic education teaches humbleness towards the facts, it teaches the desire to face reality instead of mere views. The original democracy of natural sciences is to be emphasised: their facts and theories can be controlled by anyone, and this control drives them forward.

The foregoing scientific works of Imre Lakatos are based on dialectic Marxism, but in its modern and not orthodox form. And it is only a base, since he himself has original and particular things to say, and more now than earlier. His originality is increasing. The philosophy behind all of his opinions is consistent and systematic.”

Now, if we compare the two papers mentioned by Sándor Karácsony as the preliminaries of the dissertation, we come to see that the essential body of the earlier one (The Criticism of the Physical Idealism) is almost literally identical to a great part of the longer paper (Modern Physics, Modern Society). The small differences are either stylistic or explanatory, since the journal Further Education and Democracy, an ideological collection of writings for supporting teachers (published by the Ministry of Religion and Education), served more popular purposes than the rather scientific Athenaeum, the journal of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences and the Hungarian Philosophical Society. Naturally, it is very likely that this text contains most of young Lakatos’s essential thoughts and ideas concerning the position, the development and the function of science, and it is reasonable to suppose that it formed an important part of the lost dissertation entitled A természettudományos fogalomalkotás szociológiájárólvi.

The Criticism of the Physical Idealism is a critical essay discussing Susan Stebbing’s book Philosophy and the Physicists (London, Pelican, 1943). Lakatos, however, criticises not only Stebbing’s analyses of Eddington’s and Jeans’ idealism, but he also adds his own criticism of the two scientists’ world views that he considers as typical examples of the “bourgeois” science. Instead of focusing on the immanent development of science, he decides to look for explanations outside of science. He emphasises the indispensable role of sociological and economic influences on scientific concept building, and he concludes that the world view of a given scientific age or community is nothing more than a historical category. The whole argumentation appears again in Modern Physics, Modern Society, supplemented by some further ideas and more loose associations: the context becomes broader and the investigations more fundamental. Here we are given a deeper (Marxist and Lukacsian contra Hegelian) analysis of the “dialectical structure” of the modern scientific view determined by social relations and motions. And if we imagine that we go further in this direction, then we must be very close to the text of the lost dissertation.”

 

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Archiviato in eBook di Filosofia, Filosofia della scienza